Top 30 Questions to Ask your Orthopedic Surgeon before a Surgery

It is very important to ask questions from your orthopedic surgeon to be comfortable with the procedure and make an informed decision.

An orthopedic treatment is aimed at offering ample relief from pain and restoring normal function. When planning a treatment procedure, your doctor will take into consideration a number of factors such as your general health and wellbeing, age, activity level, etc. When nonsurgical treatment approaches such as physical therapy and medication fail to give results and provide relief from symptoms, the doctor may mention surgery and refer you to one of the best orthopedic surgeons.

Who is an Orthopedic Surgeon?

An orthopedic surgeon is a specialist committed to the diagnosis, complete treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of all kinds of disorders, ailments and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system of the body. The system is comprised of the following body parts:
  • Bones
  • Tendons
  • Nerves
  • Joints
  • Ligaments
  • Muscles
An Orthopedic Surgeon may choose to concentrate on specific fields such as oncology (bone tumors), pediatrics, sports medicine, trauma, reconstructive surgery etc.

What to Expect from a Visit to Orthopedic Surgeon?

General visits usually start with a casual personal interview. Then doctor will also take a physical examination and evaluation of earlier records or tests. The process may be followed by other diagnostic evaluations such as X-rays, blood tests, or imagery. The surgeon will discuss various treatment options with the patient and determine the best plan appropriate for their health. It is very important to ask questions from your orthopedic surgeon to be comfortable with the procedure and make an informed decision. Here is a list of questions that will help you know more about surgery and help with discussions:
  1. What is the reason behind recommending this procedure to me? Is there another alternative?
  2. Can I expect complete improvement from this surgery?
  3. Are there any risks involved with the process?
  4. What is the success rate for this surgery?
  5. What is your experience? Since how many years you have been performing this surgery? How many surgeries have you done earlier?
  6. May I know about your board certification?
  7. Will I be provided with written materials or videotapes about the surgery? Will you give me pre-operative counseling?
  8. Do I need another surgery after this?
  9. Can I avoid this surgery? What will happen if I choose not to go for this surgery now?
  10. What type of tests and evaluations should I go through before the surgery?
  11. Will explain the kind of implant used on me? What is the prosthesis track record for the same?
  12. What type of anesthesia will be used for surgery? What are the risks associated with it and how common these are?
  13. Can I meet with the anesthesiologist in advance? Will the anesthesiologist enquire about my needs and allergies?
  14. Do I need to stop any medications prior to the surgery? May I have a list of those medications?
  15. Is the procedure painful? Will I experience pain during or after the procedure? If yes, then what kind of pain control/relief measures will be taken?
  16. Is a blood transfusion required? Can I avoid it? What are the safety measures?
  17. What is the duration for stay in hospital during and after the surgery?
  18. Do I need to visit a rehabilitative center post-surgery?
  19. When can I go home?
  20. Do I need to endure any complications after surgery? If yes, what are they?
  21. What are the signs of complications after surgery?
  22. Is a physical therapy required after surgery? How soon can I start with the therapy?
  23. Is there a need for outpatient therapy or at-home therapy?
  24. Do I need to make arrangements for at-home assistance? If yes, what will be the duration for the same?
  25. What are the restrictions on regular activities, such as diet, bathing, driving, etc. For how long should I follow this restriction?
  26. What is the frequency for follow-up visits?
  27. How long will complete recovery take?
  28. What will be the discharge instructions?
  29. Is a disability common following surgery?
  30. How long should I wait to return to work/ drive car/ have sexual activity?


how to treat chigger bites, known as berry bugs or harvest mites, are small fleas that live in tropical regions and lay eggs under both people’s  and animals’ skins. Anyone can get into trouble with chiggers. They are normally found outdoors, especially in the moist areas; however, even the cleanest house can be invaded by these small insects if you carry them on clothing, luggage or other surfaces back home. Chiggers are in small size, so people cannot prevent getting bitten. Some people do not know to be bitten while others may have swelling, red bumps and itchy rashes, causing intensity discomfort.  These symptoms can go away on their own in one to thirteen weeks without any to treat chigger bites

Nevertheless, you can try six simple ways on chigger bites treatment to relieve it quickly.

  1. Soap

One of the simplest ways you can try is using soap. Cleaning bites with soap can reduce itching and prevent skin infections. Wash the infected area with mild soap and water. Use a bar of soap and water enough to wet your hands. Rub the soap onto your hands to make a lot of foam. Rub soap foam onto the infected area and do this several times. After that, leave the foam dry on it.

  1. Salt

When being bitten by chiggers, you first use salt to clean the infected area in order to remove toxins as well as bacteria because is not only alleviates chigger bites but also has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Use salt mixed with a little water to make a paste. Apply this paste to the swollen area for a while and then rinse it with clean water.

  1. Cold compress

The low temperature acts as an anesthetic which helps relieve pain or itching. Moreover, it also limits the swelling of the bites. In particular, it prevents the penetration of bacteria into the bites and protects the wound from infection. Wrap some ice cubes in a thin cloth and then apply it on the infected area for ten minutes. Repeat it if necessary to reduce itching. Another simple way is to directly soak the infected area in cool water to get comfortable.

  1. Baking soda

Baking soda is effective for not only skin care but also how to treat chigger bites because it is beneficial to reducing itching and swelling. Gradually add a small amount of water to baking soda to make a paste. Rub a thick layer of the paste on the bites. Let it dry for one hour or more before rinsing with lukewarm water.

Alternatively, put some teaspoons of baking soda into a glass of clean water and stir well. Dip a clean cloth into the mixture and apply the infected area for ten to twenty minutes before rinsing with water.

In addition, mix baking soda with witch hazel juice. Apply the mixture to the chigger bites for ten minutes and then clean with lukewarm water.

  1. Lemon juice

Lemon juice is used as a disinfectant because its acid properties can kill bacteria and prevent infection by neutralizing the toxins in the wound. Take a few slices of lemon and rub directly on the infected area, which will reduce itching more clearly than you expected. Moreover, you can squeeze lemon juice into a clean cup and use a cotton swab to dip into lemon juice  and then gently rub it on the bites to relieve the discomfort.

  1. Aloe Vera

Essences in aloe vera are useful to alleviate itching, swelling and have antiseptic properties. Therefore, it is listed as one of the effective ways on how to treat chigger bites. Separate the gel from the aloe leaves and put it into the refrigerator. When it becomes cool, take it out and put it on the infected area. You should do this twice or three times to get rid of itching as well as swelling.

  1. Oatmeal

Oatmeal is rich in avenanthramide which is a natural plant substance that reduces swelling and itching. Put a glass of oatmeal powder in the warm bath and stir well. Soak your body in it for about twenty minutes and relax. With this method, chigger bites will disappear for at least three days instead of over one week.

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